Cultural heritage

 Cultural heritage

Many of the cultural products of a nation are admired by their own people and also by other nations. The Egyptians, for example, left the pyramids. One of the pyramids, Cheops, was built some 4,600 years ago. This building consists of 2.5 million stone blocks and each block weighs up to 2.5 tons. The Chinese left the Great Wall which was many kilometers long. Amazingly, this cultural relic can be seen from the moon.

The Indonesian people left the Borobudur Temple. In its construction, this temple spent about 55,000 cubic meters of andesite stones. One stone weighs tens to hundreds of kilograms. Many other Indonesian cultural products are still preserved until now. One of them is in the form of archaeological remains. Archaeological remains include cultural heritage as a result of the history of the nation throughout the ages. In Indonesia, one of the functions of cultural heritage is associated with tourism activities.

The function of cultural heritage is an elaboration of Article 32 of the 1945 Constitution concerning National Culture and is related to the 1988 MPR Decree which reads, `` Traditions and historical legacies that give a distinctive pattern of national culture and development results that have the value of national struggle, national pride and benefit. it needs to be maintained and fostered in order to foster historical awareness, spirit of struggle and love for the country as well as to maintain cultural preservation and the continuity of national development.

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This is related to the tourism target in national development which consists of five points. 

First, develop and utilize the resources and potential of national tourism into reliable economic activities to increase foreign exchange earnings.

Second, to expand and equalize business and employment opportunities, especially for local communities, to encourage regional development and to introduce the nature, values ​​and culture of the nation. 

Third, domestic tourism is directed at fostering love for the country and the nation as well as instilling the soul, spirit and noble values ​​of the nation in the framework of further strengthening national unity and integrity as well as increasing economic activity.

Fourth, efforts to foster and develop domestic tourism are also aimed at improving the quality of the nation's culture, introducing rich heritage and natural beauty including marine nature in various parts of the country. Fifth, in the framework of tourism development we need to increase targeted and integrated steps in the development of tourist objects and their promotional and marketing activities both domestically and abroad.


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